Birthwort family, Aristolochiaceae
This colony-forming perennial can create a crowded network on the woodland floor, resulting in a dense ground cover.
It has fleshy rootstock, with a strong gingery flavor that blooms in spring. Large, velvety, heart-shaped leaves with a single darkish red-brown flower are attractive to butterflies.
Wild Ginger is a larval host to the Pipeline Swallowtail butterfly.